MASINT

IIT provides support to Army MASINT at every level from Echelon Above Corps (EAC) operational commands to Headquarters Department of the Army, Office for MASINT Programs and Policy. IIT directly supports the Army MASINT mission which traditionally provides Scientific and Technical Intelligence (S&TI) target signature data to customers throughout the intelligence and acquisition community. These signatures serve to program/reprogram smart/brilliant weapons.

In addition to the direct support of the S&TI mission at the echelons stated above, IIT currently assists the Army in research and development of MASINT mission areas for employment by Army forces at Echelons Corps and Below (ECB). This new mission area of providing timely, relevant support to ground component Warfighters (Operational MASINT) will extend to every echelon from Battalion through Corps. Development of this operational support requires research of Warfighters Priority Intelligence Requirements (PIR) and translation of those requirements into tactical MASINT requirements for coordination through the MASINT requirement process. This then results in tasking for mission satisfaction or translation into Mission Needs Statements (MNS) and Operational Requirement Documents (ORD), leading to development and fielding of new MASINT systems. IIT participates in every level of this process. IIT supports the following Army MASINT activities:

Headquarters, Department of the Army
IIT directly supports the Chief of Army MASINT Policy in the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence (G2), Headquarters, Department of the Army. IIT also supports development of the Army Intelligence Master Plan (AIMP) under the auspices of the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for intelligence.

Headquarters INSCOM
IIT provides direct technical support to INSCOM in the areas of training development and presentation, programmatic development and defense, and desk officer support for each of the three Major Subordinate Commands (MSCs) which perform the operational MASINT missions.

Training Development and Presentation
IIT personnel supporting INSCOM MASINT Training have taken the lead in developing a broad range of MASINT training which is filling a recognized void throughout the MASINT community. IIT trainers have worked in the development of an INSCOM sponsored MASINT collectors course and assist in its presentation. Additionally, IIT is developing a family of Computer Based Training (CBT) programs that focus on the primary MASINT collection systems. The CBTs are being provided to the operational teams for their use in the field to ensure MASINT collectors remain proficient in the operation of the various collection systems.

Programmatic Development and Defense
IIT personnel work closely with their INSCOM and Headquarters, Department of the Army counterparts in the development of MASINT programs. These programs support MASINT efforts from concept design through fielding and sustainment.

Additionally, IIT provides on-site technical support to the MSCs:
• 501st MI Brigade – Seoul, Korea

Support to these operational commands encompasses assistance in the field in the execution of the MASINT collection mission. The operational teams perform overt collection of MASINT signatures using a variety of technical collection devices. The collected signatures, based upon customer validated requirements, are forwarded to the production agencies for processing, analysis and reporting.

IIT performs all functions relative to the ongoing initiative to transition Army MASINT from a largely S&TI role to one of providing direct, timely, relevant support to warfighter intelligence/information requirements. In this capacity IIT researches opportunities, develops, coordinates, and implements collection plans for both real-world and exercise scenarios.

At present, IIT analysts staff the Army’s only consolidated Unattended Ground Sensor/Unattended MASINT Sensor (UGS/UMS) PED activity at the 513th MI Brigade, with the mission to provide direct, time-dominant support to forward deployed elements engaged in ongoing combat operations. This involves the integrated employment, analysis and reporting of information based on a broad range UGS/UMS sensor packages. These systems generate multiple types of data, which drives data integration to support exploitation and reporting based on collection that includes Acoustic, Seismic, Magnetic and Imaging sensors to provide unique and actionable intelligence information.

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